Cubism is a term that was first used in 1908 to describe the work of George Braque. This artistic style had three phases: the first was a development of Cezanne's ideas about painting from nature - that artists should look for the cone the sphere and the cube in nature and based their work upon those elements. The second phase is called analytical cubism and is characterised by an emphasis on geometric shapes, with one viewpoint superimposed upon another. The third phase is called synthetic cubism; this phase is characterised by the addition of collage.

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