As an art movement, Realism refers to the social realism of 19th century painters like Gustave Courbet (1819-1877) and Honore Daumier (1808-1879). They preferred to paint nonidealised versions of the world, including depictions of poverty and ordinary life. In a more general sense, Realism refers to a type of art that attempts to re-create the world as it appears to be, without distortion or stylisation. In this sense, it is sometimes less ambiguous to use the term 'Naturalism'.

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